1-13, 1864.--Expedition from Memphis, Tenn., into Mississippi.
Proceedings of a Board of Investigation.
Captain LAMBERG duly sworn and examined.
By the PRESIDENT:
Question. State your name, rank, and regiment; the
length of time you have been in the service, and what position you occupied on
the late expedition under General Sturgis.
Answer. My name is Carl
Adolph Lamberg; captain Battery F, Second U.S. Light Artillery (colored troops);
I have been in the service since June 1, 1862; I was in command of my battery,
consisting of two pieces, on the late expedition.
Question. What forage did you have for your animals on
Answer. I had with me
from here two days' forage. After that I sometimes got a little corn, but most
of the time had to bait my horses on green feed. Once, for two days, I could get
nothing for the horses but green feed.
Question. Did you have any corn for your horses on the
day of the battle?
Answer. I did, in the
morning. On the morning of the day before the battle I went out myself about
fifty yards beyond the pickets and got a wagon-load of corn. That would have
lasted about three days.
Question. How much corn did you see at that place?
Answer. I should think
there were about 400 or 500 bushels in all. It was hid under a covering made of
fence rails and brush.
Question. Did any one else get any of that corn?
Answer. I don't know of
any one except Colonel Bouton; I think he got two wagon-loads. I only found it a
few minutes before we marched in the morning.
Question. Did you see any forage at any other place on
the route, and was it obtained?
Answer. On the first
day's march beyond Ripley we passed a crib of corn, near the road, containing
about 400 bushels. I tried to get some of it, and found it guarded by cavalry
soldiers who said they were placed there by order of General Sturgis. This was
at the time when my animals were without corn for two days. I saw corn at other
places which was taken by quartermasters. At Lamar our brigade had plenty of
corn, which was secured there.
Question. What part did your battery take in the
battle of the 10th?
Answer. My battery was
the last one engaged. I was at the rear with the train guard, the Fifty-ninth
and my battery being in the rear of the train. When I came up to the train the
wagons were turning around and going to the rear. I was ordered to countermarch
my battery, which I did. By this time the road was occupied by other batteries
and wagons going to the rear. When I got about a quarter of a mile I was ordered
to go into a position on the right, which I did, and opened fire and fired about
forty rounds. The enemy opened fire from a battery in my front and afterward
changed to my right. After firing about forty rounds Captain Reeve told me that
the enemy were coming right in upon us in our front. I then moved my battery to
the rear, but not very far, because the road was still blockaded in the same
manner. I afterward moved to the rear. I went as far as the Hatchie Swamp, to
where the road became so blocked up that I was compelled to abandon my guns,
which was done on consultation with Colonel Wilkin, who had two regiments in the
rear, we first having waited there four hours for orders and received none.
Question. What did you do with your guns when you
Answer. We spiked the
guns, broke off the rammers in the guns, cut the wheels, and threw the
ammunition in the mud. We threw at least three-quarters of the ammunition in the
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