In training, two means of growing violets from seeds have been used: sowing seeds immediately in the open floor or pre-cultivation of seedlings. The latter process is considered more successful, because when utilizing it, it is possible to get flowering plants in the current year.
To get high quality planting substance, sowing seedlings should be carried out of the last decade of February or in March. To execute such actions after mid-spring isn’t advisable, because the seeds have been stored in the open field in the previous ten years of April or in early May.
Pre-prepared and calibrated seeds can be sown in any container, including plastic cups, cassettes, cuts of plastic bottles or food packaging. To ready the nutrient mixture, ingredients such as garden moyakovka.ru soil, humus and peat are utilized. All elements have been taken in equal proportions and mixed thoroughly.
While employing the conventional system of sowing, shallow furrows, roughly 3-5 millimeters, are made in the nutrient strand using a pencil, the distance between the rows is currently about 1 centimeter. Then the seeds are set in the holes every two centimeters and covered by dirt. Now, it is crucial to water the crops with water and cover the container with translucent film. Following that, the containers are placed in a warm area with a temperature of 20 – 25 degrees.
The first sprouts of pansies generally look in 7-10 days in the time of sowing. A later sprouting of seeds stems in the cases of:
- The usage of older planting substance;
- in case of filling the seeds with a thick coating of dirt;
- when using a mineral of the incorrect composition, for example, clay soil.
Growing violets from seeds: when to plant, planting and maintenance, species and varieties
In the spring period, the direct rays of the sun pansies are not afraid, so containers with seedlings may be placed in the southern part of the flat surface. After sprouting, the purple has quite strong stems, but this doesn’t follow which you need to instantly remove the film in the container.
Viola requires a good watering, but moistening the soil ought to be carried out as the top layer dries out. To execute such steps, it is worth using melt or rain water. Regular tap water must preferably endure for 2-3 days. Plants are terrified of overwatering, since a high concentration of water in the soil can cause rotting of their flower roots. Selecting up violets
Transplant young plants into new containers needs to be when the first two leaves are shaped. Pansies are not terrified of transplanting, they take root in a fresh nutritious substrate even with minor damage to the immune system, which sometimes happens when the plant is removed from the container. Such violets are a little slower in growth, but the overall performance isn’t affected.
To have an excellent healthy flower, such cultures when selecting at a new container are deepened into the cotyledons, which will provide a chance to get additional origins on the underground portion of the stem. Pruning
This kind of event as stem pruning lets you attain a greater tillering of this culture. Such measures are completed following the look of 5-6 true leaves.
Planting of backyard violets at a permanent place depends on the climatic features of a particular region. Such activities should be performed with the beginning of stable warm weather in the past ten years of April or at the first days of May. For planting the blossom allocate a well sunlit place.
After digging the dirt for each planting hole, add crushed charcoal of moderate fraction of 200 grams and the exact identical quantity of humus. Viola develops nicely in soils comprising peat, humus and sod soil in equal proportions with the accession of half the sand.
During transplanting into a permanent location, prepared seedlings are set on the plot each 15-20 centimeters. Cultures are sunk to the previously dug holes and covered with soil. Then compact the soil round the bushes and water the plants with warm water. When growing garden violets, it’s necessary to separate the bushes from the plantings every three years.
Maybe not every gardener may wish to take care of the farming of pansies seedlings, since it’s quite a troublesome job. In this aspect, many flower growers sow seeds directly into the ground. Such operations should be completed from late May or early June. In this case, the flowering of violets will begin in late summer or in September. To acquire the flowering of this culture the following year, in early spring, the seeds must be sown in August.